Below, you will find a very basic example of how to write an IRAC. If you write your legal analysis in this or a similar fashion, you are bound to provide the grader of your exam or paper with a very organized and readable argument. Note that I place my facts in both the Issue and Application sections. I do this in order to give my reader a preview of what I am arguing. Some people do not put the facts anywhere but in the Application section; you may choose not to, especially on a timed writing.




State the Issue, Facts that raise the issue, and your conclusion. This gives your reader a perspective with which to view your argument.

State the Issue & your Conclusion: D may or may not be convicted of Crime X because…

State the facts which bring rise to the Issue: The facts relevant to the elements of example "Crime X" are:

Fact 1

Fact 2

Fact 3




State and quote the laws that are relevant to the Issue.

Crime X has three elements:

Element 1:

Element 2:

Element 3:

State and quote any case law that is relevant to Crime X

Example v. Case is applicable to these facts and/or laws because....


Apply the facts to each rule of law

State why each fact does or does not meet the elements of Crime X:


Facts 1 and Fact 2 prove Element 1 because…

Fact 2 may or may not prove Element 2 depending upon this courts' interpretation of Example v. Case because...

Fact 3 proves Element 3 because...


Restate your conclusion and a very brief reminder to your reader of the main points that led you to that conclusion:

Conclusion: Defendant may or may not be convicted of Crime X depending upon how the court interprets Example v. Case. If Example v. Case is allowed as precedent, then Defendant X meets all elements of Crime X and can be convicted, otherwise he cannot be convicted.

Once you get the basic idea of how an IRAC should be organized, you can move on and view a more fully formed IRAC outline here: Advanced Outline Of An IRAC